Autism is a complex neurobiological disorder. This developmental disability does not have a clear diagnosis. Types of autism spectrum disorder may be varied. We call it a spectrum type of illness. Most clinicians diagnose autism through signs and symptoms. Most of the time autistic children need main support following three areas in life.
So identifying the areas of an affected child is more important rather than asking what is autism. Through your journey, you will find the answer.
Main associated areas of autism spectrum disorder
- Planning, structure, and routines
- Social imagination and understanding emotions.
Five Major Diagnosis Under Autism Spectrum disorder
- Autism or Autism spectrum disorder.
- Asperger’s syndrome
- PDD ( Pervasive Developmental Disorder )
- Ratt’s Disorder
- Childhood Disintegrative Disorder
The symptoms of this spectrum type disorder come at the age of 03 and often improve with the availability of effective treatment.
There is no cure for this developmental disorder. But kids can get remarkable improvement like normal.
Early intervention with relevant therapies bring better results
Main affected areas
- Language impairments
- Intellectual abilities
- Coping/adaptive skills
- Social interaction
- Other verbal & nonverbal communication methods
Most of the symptoms show the age of three.
A common form of communication is gestures. Sometimes, autistics may not use gestures at all. Those may be limited and atypical. They lost the most communication skills
Communication Matters of Autism
Language skills are very limited and delayed within these kids
Autistic kids always repeat what they heard before. They try to repeat the whole conversation & very familiar with the TV characters. They can start conversations with familiar people. But can not continue and end the conversation properly.
The child love to speak the desired topic and try to escape from undesired topics. They can not respond to the questions. As parents/caregivers, you never try to ask open-ended questions using “WH” words like (why, where, what), etc. Also, take additional time to answer a question. If you give them much time to answer, they will give good responses.
They can not imitate others. Play skills are very poor. They are having difficulty following other children.
Normally, if the child is communicating nicely with the surrounding people, though, they are having other symptoms, will not be considered as autistics. Also, the kids always tend to fulfill their needs through a third party without speaking a single word, these types are also not to be considered autistics.
Autistics don’t share their experiences and don’t like to make friends.
Social Skills Matters
They don’t have direct eye contact with others, Also having very poor eye contact. Some kids make eye contact only with adults. So, they refuse their peers.
Some category even doesn’t try to make a contact with others
when social interaction happens, they totally took the eye contact away from the subject.
Facial expressions & Body language
Autistic kids hide their facial expressions at all, So it is very difficult to identify their moods, interests, and facial expressions. Some category shows facial expressions, moods, and body language very well. But, those are not related and matched with the true activities gestures, and facial movements.
Ex-Kicking other people without anger
Most kids can not show good nonverbal communication. Some are starting conversations with hand movements, some use head, and eye movements. Even they produce headbanging movements, hand, and upper limb movements, they can not understand other same body expressions.
These kids can’t express their ideas with peers by using gestures and body movements. They always misunderstood other communication patterns. Autistics show lots of socially inappropriate behaviors. So, they have very limited skills to participate in social events with other social partners.
They can’t show happiness, sadness, anger, frustration, and other emotions. So they always tend to break-down social interactions. Also they don’t start friendships. Most of the time they try to stay alone. The limited play skills are a definite cause of this.
The autistics can’t share what they experience. They attach some objects, things, places, or situations. They don’t want to maintain socio-emotional reciprocity. These kids have a problem maintaining friendships.
When another person becomes upset or is trying to help, that behavior gets the anxious feeling to the autistic kids. They don’t know about empathy and sympathy. Autistic kids don’t have an idea of behavior modifications. They have repetitive and fixated behaviors.
What should you do Some of the Stimming behaviors of Autistic children?
These are some of the self-stimulatory behaviors of autistic kids. These are some of the repetition of movements, sounds, or words. Some times whole stim behavior pattern acts as a stim pattern. The most common stim pattern is jumping.
Don’t stop these stimming patterns unless they are harmful to the children. Allowing stimming to the child gets calm. Gradually, unintentionally occupy a child in productive activity. No harm occurs by stimming to the child. Don’t discourage it unless it’s harmful. By stemming, the child regulates his body. This is a way of communication of joy and happiness.
Common stimming patterns
- Hand flapping
- Rocking back and forth
- waving fingers
- Spin objects
- bite hands & arms
- Repeat noises, words, or phrases
- lining toys or objects
They are stick to a certain topic or activity. Some kids communicate about the tiniest details of objects like vehicles. Autistic kids forget activities of daily living, basic mathematics, etc. They have extreme preferences about colors, letters, badges, etc. Those extreme preferences are not essential for social communication.
They like special routines in life. if somebody obstructs these routines, they are getting minor irritations to severe behavioral outbursts. Sometimes they do self-injured behaviors. Autistics are having a plus or minus sensory challenges. Those are related to sound,touch,smell,taste,proprioception,joint attention etc.
Some kids are more prone to control other persons
Ex-Need to change mother’s hair ponytail etc.
Some kids are more sensitive to the temperature. They needed to be worn with short dresses.
The Criteria for this condition is more similar to autism. Asperger kids do not have language delay, cognitive abilities, self-help skills retardation, adaptive behaviors. But autistic kids have these problems in day to day life. Asperger children have delays in spoken language in their early years. It becomes normalize up to a big extent with time.
Asperger kids have problems in social pragmatics. Their social communication style or pattern seems to be odd. These kids are having problems using the language. They don’t know how to tell a story with jokes and sarcasm. Aspergers kids have problems in social interaction. They don’t have language problems. They like to stay alone. They are having specific topics to talk & they need help to problem solve.
Even though they don’t have a cognitive delay, they are expecting support and situational modifications to function. They don’t have problems in activities of daily living such as feeding, toileting, bathing, etc.
Adults need to prepare a “working structure model ” in school, at home, and in society. Then they can function well. Asperger kids need help to do group work, assignments, etc. At home, If you need to give them homework, you need to structure them first.
Parents need to maintain checklists with these kids to do productive work. Also, need to plan community outings well. If parents can do story-based interventions, it will be much beneficial for these kids.
Frequently occurring diagnosis and conditions with Autism
- The most common condition occurs with autism
- It is very difficult to diagnose depression with autism
Parent says autistic kids show
- sad facial expressions
- behavior change
- Loss of interest in activities
- Sleep disturbances
- Mal adaptive behaviors
- Reduced interest in activities of daily living
- The symptoms of depression can be masked by symptoms of ASD.
- When making peers, ASD sare having anxiety problems.Anxiety
- problems might extent from childhood to adulthood of some autistic people.
- When autism present in older children and adolescents, it is more likely to convert obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and social phobias.
Anxiety causes various functions. Those functions may be very problematic it should be carefully addressed.
Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD)
- Impaired focusing ability
- Can not pay attention to school activities.
- Hyperactive behaviors preset together with impulsive behaviors
OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORDER ( OCD )
- Obsessive thoughts about a particular subject, activity, or object.
- The obsessive thoughts convert into impulsive behaviors. finally results in anxiety.
- Both autism and obsessive-compulsive conditions along with rituals of these children reduces the anxiety
Helping your kid with Autism
The future well-being of a child with a developmental disorder like autism depends on the quality of the professional care they receive.
Early intervention with early diagnosis
This is extremely important. if you have any doubt about the diagnosis, try to go to a second opinion to confirm the accuracy of the diagnosis. The doctor may not come with an exact diagnosis at all
Find the best help For You
A specialist attached to a children’s hospital or major medical center is most suitable and they have all facilities to treat and provide up-to-date care. Because a specialist may be needed to take an accurate diagnosis. and to recommend the treatment.
Listen carefully to your doctor or specialist
This includes the careful following of the instructions of therapists, doctors, and others involved in your child care. If you have questions then ask them, If you need more clarifications ask for fore written materials, diagrams. You have plenty of reliable online resources to help.
Be sure to get the correct advice
Are the professionals paying attention to you? make sure to alert you to confirm whether they are concerning your ideas. The lines of communication between you and your care providers should be very open all the time.
If you feel that something is not correct with your child and you can not clearly define that. then do work and keep trying with your kid. Be persistent in asking questions and seeking solutions
Become an expert
From this method, you can build a good conversation with the care provider professionals for your child. You can make a sound judgment about doctors. therapies and interventions. That will help you to ensure the best treatment as soon as possible. ULTIMATELY YOU WILL FEEL MORE CONTROL OF THE SITUATION.
Update and follow the latest treatments and technology
New therapies, new medications, and new technology will help improve the quality of the life of your kid with developmental conditions like autism.
Keep a record
Keep all your child’s medical reports, test results, appointments, treatments, medications, doctors, therapists, and so on in a file. ( Ask for a copy of everything.)Emergency numbers and other information about your child’s condition should be included in every home phone, carried by anyone who cares for your child, available caregivers at daycare, etc.
Dealing with an autistic kid is mostly a challenging experience. Don’t blame yourself for your kid’s condition (after all you couldn’t do anything to cause it.) or feeling sorry about yourself.
Always make a positive attitude. Though you investigate every avenue when it comes to treatment and management acceptance of what can be changed is important too.
Become financially stable and confident
This complex neurobiological disorder is a very difficult condition to give an exact diagnosis. But the very early stage of treatments results in successful results.
PROVIDING TREATMENTS FOR A CHILD CHILD HAVING MAY CAUSE TO DRAIN YOUR FINANCIAL RESOURCES. Here get the support of your health insurer and other local and federal sources. Because the types of autism spectrum disorder may vary and you may be misled in finding solutions