Childhood obesity is a major and very complex health issue in modern society. What causes childhood obesity is an answerable question that should divide into various subdivisions. Dear parents and caregivers, this valuable source is for you as this is a major burning issue in modern-day to day life.
Both adults and children are sharing a common cause for getting overweight, which is a broad topic including behavior and genetics. Obesity is also influenced by a person’s community as it can affect the ability to make healthy choices.
What is childhood obesity?
Most of you may not know, Childhood Obesity is a medical condition whereby children and adolescents weigh 20% above the normal weight for their age and height.
This is a very common condition among children, where excess body fat affects a child’s health or well-being, With regard to obesity in children, the most common term is overweight. Childhood obesity is a non-communicable disease and this problem became a major public health issue.
As parents, you should know the acceptable method of determining obesity in both children and adults is the body mass index. It is taken by the ratio of weight to height (BMI )
How do we take a measurement of Obesity?
If the BMI count is above the 85th percentile, we call it overweight, and if it is above 95 %.
That percentile is called obesity. Normally we consider obesity ( especially in toddlers ) in children, especially after two years of age.
BMI should evaluate by a relevant medical professional as it is mistakenly ruled out in some children as excess adipose tissue or skinfold measurements. Due to these reasons, all children with high BMI need not lose weight.
BMI of children varies with age and sex. One study showed that children who became obese as early as age 2 were more likely to be obese than adults.
Frequent problems associated with obesity in kids
Psychological problems and physical problems are the main problems of childhood obesity.
Psychological problems of Obesity.
These kids are bullied by their friends and others surrounding them. That is the main psychological problem of having these kids. Due to this reason, most of the kids refuse to go to school and they show social withdrawal behaviors most of the time. Some categories of kids are harnessed and discriminated against by their own family members.
So this obesity problem extends too mild to moderate in the children’s social and emotional development. Ultimately they are having very low self-esteem finally ended in depression. So this is a very attentive situation in children’s life.
Physical problems of having obesity
These children are having life-threatening medical conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, sleep problems, and cancers.
Also, they are having liver problems, early puberty, eating disorders, skin infections, asthma, and respiratory problems.
Most overweight kids grow up to be overweight adults who are having high mortality rates. Almost all children’s organs are affected due to childhood obesity.
Currently, most of the developed western countries’ populations are having a shorter life span than their parents.
OBESE CHILDREN ARE MORE LIKELY TO BE OBESE ADULTS.
They are having a risk of heart problems, type 2 diabetes, stroke, several types of cancers, and osteoarthritis. The happy news is all of these bad effects of obesity can be managed with a methodical plan.
Reasons for obesity in children
1. The range of factors causing childhood obesity. That’s why we call this special medical term we can “obesogenic environment”. The Greater risk of childhood obesity is the obesity of both parents. (family environment and genetics).
2. Secondly we can point out that psychological factors in childhood body type are closely associated with childhood obesity.
3. In the modern world busy parents always try to give energy-dense G foods and fewer energy requirements to their loving kids in everyday life. In addition to that modern children are consuming an increased rate of snacks and portion-size meals. In this high-tech scientific modern world these problems are unstoppable and burden issues in everyday life in modern urbanized people.
4. Kings use electronic items more and more in India’s everyday life causing a limited amount of time dedicated to physical activities. Most parents unknowingly allow their children to have a risk percentile of 17-44% of being overweight.
5. So current law income American, African, and Hispanic communities are getting increase this social burden day by day. Their societies are mostly full of crimes. Most parents keep their children stay inside the home because they fear that gang, drug violence, and other dangers might harm them
Now, can you identify the result of childhood obesity as a result of the interplay between many families ( genetic ) and environmental factors?
Most infants become obese due to instant infant formula. In modern society, an increased number of mothers show a lack of interest in breastfeeding.
Children show a very lack of physical activity. They every time depend on their parents to go to school, and to complete most of the activities of daily living such as washing, brushing, toileting, grooming, feeding, etc. So this is the place where a dependent on children population originated.
The modern family size is decreased. So the children are having easy access to food, snacks and belongings, and luxuries.
Also, family mealtime plays a role in childhood obesity.
Community practices with regard to obesity in children
The schools and the education system play a major role in this. They have the ability to decide the quality of school lunches and their time allocations for physical activity.
Easy access to fast foods.
Some schools have better access to parks, bike paths, and sidewalks. These open spaces allow them to accelerate their physical activities and social and emotional interactions with each other.
The government controls the prices of healthy and unhealthy foods or sugary or oily foods. They should have a mechanism for the accessibility of fresh, healthy, and affordable foods.
Prevention methods for childhood obesity.
Here, schools play a big role. The children spend more time in school. So schools should have the affordability of providing places, equipment, and time, making children’s populations encourage play. Also, they have an administrative procedure to provide healthy nutritious food patterns among the children with parents’ assistance.
As parents, you all know, children are the best observers and imitators in our family and social life. So parents should lead an exemplary lifestyle. Among school children, screening for obesity is recommended in those over 6 years.
Modern child care services comprise a series of institutions such as preschools, nurseries, daycare, and kindergartens and those people should focus on healthy eating and physical activity of the children who take their service. Diet and physical activity play a major role in children’s developmental life.
The above institutions should implement strategies to implement a good healthy lifestyle among children.
1. Diet plays a major role in preventing childhood obesity
Schools should minimize the locations where calory-dense, prepared snacks are available places in school premises and other children’s frequented areas.
Eating snacks and fast foods at restaurants are very common among young people with 75% of 7Th to 12Th-grade students in a given week. They always ask their parents to go to fast-food restaurants on daily basis near schools. This is the main cause of increases in the risk of obesity in children.
2. Physical activity plays a major role in preventing childhood obesity.
Most children are failed in engaging in their daily physical activities. That is a greater risk of obesity.
If you see a child with low physical activity, you can result in an adult with low physical activity.
Modern sedentary activities such as computer usage, playing video games, or watching television can make an environment for kids to stay static and unproductive. Modern technology ruined a big amount of time for physical activities.
Not only these technological activities but also ow income attests the child’s to gain weight.
3. Psychological factors and childhood obesity
Researchers found that stress is influencing with child’s eating habits and depression can cause a child to overeat. Also, there is a positive combination of obesity and low self-esteem.
It can also find a combination of Attention deficit hyperactive disorder ( ADHD ) kids and their obesity. This is a condition of higher levels of energy expenditure, which can consider a protective factor against obesity.
Direct psychological treatment application is more prevalent in the recent past which is a good trend.
Home environment and childhood obesity- Family meals are a major factor in deciding the food choices of a child. Also, children raised by their grandparents are more likely to be obese as adults than those raised by their parents.
If you can address the causes of childhood obesity with society focused approach, then we can find an effective solution to this problem. There are a few crucial components of childhood obesity. A combined diet and gross motor physical activity intervention within the school environment are more effective in preventing overweight in kids.
The home environment for the kids is the other key factor providing them & with healthy eating, exercise, and meeting opportunities for the right nutritional choices can implement properly. There is the biggest influence on the school environment for kids for their food choices and selection.
Diet, exercises, and environments both home and schools are the major concerned areas in decreasing childhood obesity and that leads our children to live a healthier life in their present social background.